Sunday, July 13, 2014

Hadeeth: “No Muslim dies on a Friday except that he will be saved from the trials of grave”


Abdullah bin Amr narrated that:
The Messenger of Allah said: \"No Muslim dies on the day of Friday, nor the night of Friday, except that Allah protects him from the trials of the grave.\"
Tirmidhi 1074, and Musnad Ahmad 6582, Al Aranout said Daeef Isnaad and shawahid are also daeef.

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Assalaam-o-Alaykum wa Rehmatullaahi wa Barakaatuh
Praise be to Allaah

Imaam Abu Eesaa at-Tirmidhi (D. 279) rahimahullah narrates:

حدثنا محمد بن بشار قال: حدثنا عبد الرحمن بن مهدي، وأبو عامر العقدي، قالا: حدثنا هشام بن سعد، عن سعيد بن أبي هلال، عن ربيعة بن سيف، عن عبد الله بن عمرو قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: «ما من مسلم يموت يوم الجمعة أو ليلة الجمعة إلا وقاه الله فتنة القبر»
“Muhammad bin Bashshaar narrated to us, who narrated from Abdur Rahmaan bin Mahdi and Abu Aamir al-Aqadi, they both narrate from Hishaam bin Sa’d, from Sa’eed bin Abi Hilaal, from Rabee’ah bin Sayf, from Abdullah bin Amr (radiallah anhu) who said that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said: ‘No Muslim dies on the day of Friday, nor the night of Friday, except that Allah protects him from the trials of the grave.’”
[Sunan Tirmidhi (3/378 H. 1074 Ed. Shaakir)]

This hadeeth is Hasan. However, this chain is weak because Rabee’ah bin Sayf did not hear anything from Abdullah bin Amr and apart from that, the remaining narrators of this chain are Thiqaat. This is what Imaam Tirmidhi also criticized this chain for, when he said:
وهذا حديث ليس إسناده بمتصل ربيعة بن سيف، إنما يروي عن أبي عبد الرحمن الحبلي، عن عبد الله بن عمرو، ولا نعرف لربيعة بن سيف سماعا من عبد الله بن عمرو
“This hadeeth does not have a connected chain as Rabee’ah bin Sayf only narrates from Abdullah bin Amr through Abu Abdur Rahmaan al-Hubuli, and we do not know of Rabee’ah bin Sayf hearing from Abdullah bin Amr”

However this hadeeth has several Shawaahid which make it authentic.

This hadeeth is also narrated by Imaam Ahmed in his Musnad (6582) and Tahaawi in Sharh Mushkil ul-Athaar (277) through the route of Abu Aamir al-Aqadi.

Rabee’ah bin Sayf did not hear this hadeeth from Abdullah bin Amr and on the contrary it has been explained in other narrations that he took this narration from Ayyaadh bin Uqbah or a man from Sadaf – whoever it is, he is Majhool.
[See, Tahqeeq Musnad Ahmed by Shaykh Shu’ayb al-Arana’oot of this hadeeth]

However Imaam Ahmed has narrated this hadeeth in another place with a Saalih chain. He said:

حدثنا إبراهيم بن أبي العباس، حدثنا بقية، حدثني معاوية بن سعيد التجيبي، سمعت أبا قبيل المصري، يقول: سمعت عبد الله بن عمرو بن العاص، يقول: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: من مات يوم الجمعة أو ليلة الجمعة وقي فتنة القبر
“Ibraaheem bin Abi al-Abbaas narrated to us, Baqiyyah (bin al-Waleed) narrated to us, Mu’aawiyah bin Sa’eed al-Tujaybee narrated to me, I heard Abu Qabeel al-Misri saying, I heard Abdullah bin Amr bin al-Aas (radiallah anhu) saying that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said: ‘Whoever dies on the day of Friday or the night of Friday, he will be protected from the trials of grave’”
[Musnad Ahmed (7050)]

Besides Ibraaheem bin Abi al-Abbaas, this hadeeth is also narrated from Baqiyyah by:
 Surayj bin Nu’maan [Musnad Ahmed (6646)]
Yazeed bin Haaroon [Musnad Abd bin Humayd (323)]
Dawood bin Rushayd [Al-Jumu’ah by al-Marwazi (11)]
Al-Hasan bin Yoosuf [Ibid] and
Sulemaan bin Aadam [Ithbaat Adhaab al-Qabr lil Bayhaqi (156)].

Brief Introduction to the Narrators of the Chain:

1-    Ibraaheem bin Abi al-Abbaas, Surayj bin Nu’maan, Yazeed bin Haaroon, and Dawood bin Rushayd are without a doubt all Thiqaat.

2-    Baqiyyah bin al-Waleed is Thiqah.

Imaam Dhahabi said about him in al-Kaashif:

الحافظ ، وثقه الجمهور فيما سمعه من الثقات ، و قال النسائى: إذا قال: حدثنا و أخبرنا فهو ثقة
“He is a Haafidh, and he is declared Thiqah by the Jumhoor in what he hears from the Thiqah narrators. And Nasaa’ee said: When he says Haddathana or Akhbarna (i.e. affirms his hearing) then he is Thiqah”
[Al-Kaashif (619)]

And in this chain, he has affirmed his samaa’ from Mu’aawiyah so the blame of Tadlees is eliminated from him.

Note: Some people think that Baqiyyah used to commit “Tadlees Taswiyah” due to which he must affirm his samaa’ in the entire chain for his narration to be authentic. However, it is only a mistake and he is not proven to commit “Tadlees Taswiyah” [1]. Even if we suppose that he used to commit Taswiyah still in the chain mentioned above, Baqiyyah has affirmed the samaa’ in the entire chain!

3-    Mu’aawiyah bin Sa’eed at-Tujaybee is Maqbool and only Ibn Hibbaan has mentioned him in Ath-Thiqaat (5/512) and a number of Thiqah narrators including Ibn Wahb have narrated from him. So he is accepted if he has a Mutaabi’ah, and he has many Mutaabi’aat including the one mentioned above and the one coming ahead.

4-    Abu Qabeel Hayy bin Haani is Thiqah.

Imaam Ahmed said:

[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel (3/T. 1227)]

Imaam Yahya bin Ma’een said:

[Taareekh ad-Daarimi (923)]

Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi said:

[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel (3/T. 1227)]

So the saying of Ibn Hajar followed by Shu’ayb al-Arana’oot that ‘Abu Qabeel is Da’eef’ is wrong.

Following is another shaahid of the narration:

Imaam Bayhaqi narrates:

أخبرنا أبو عبد الله سعيد قالا ثنا أبو العباس نا محمد نا عثمان بن صالح ثنا ابن وهب أخبرني ابن الهيعة عن سنان بن عبد الرحمن الصدفي أن عبد الله بن عمرو بن العاص كان يقول من توفي يوم الجمعة أو ليلة الجمعة وقي الفتان
 [Ithbaat Adhaab al-Qabr (157)]

In this chain Ibn Lahee’ah is weak due to his Ikhtilaat and Tadlees. But Ibn Wahb has heard from him before his Ikhtilaat so this narration is suitable as a shaahid. Now the only problem in it is his Tadlees and that Sinaan bin Abdur Rahmaan is Majhool.

There are other Shawaahid for this hadeeth as well but they are severely weak to strengthen each other. However, these three narrations are only a slightly weak, especially the second one which is close to being Hasan Lidhaatih, so these three are enough to strengthen each other without the need of other weaker Shawaahid.
[See, Tahqeeq of Al-Arana’oot on Musnad Ahmed (11/149) for some of its other shawaahid]

This is why Muhaddith ul-Asr Shaykh Naasir ud-Deen Al-Albaani rahimahullah authenticated this hadeeth saying:

بمجموع طرقه حسن أو صحيح
“It is Hasan or Saheeh by all its routes combined”
[Ahkaam al-Janaaiz (49), also see: Saheeh at-Tirmidhi (1074), Takhreej al-Mishkaat (1316), Saheeh al-Jaami (5773), and Saheeh al-Targheeb (3562)]

And similarly, Shaykh Zubayr Alee Za’ee rahimahullah said about this hadeeth:

[Tahqeeq at-Tirmidhi (1074)]

And Allaah knows best

[1] - [Tadlees ut-Taswiyah is that a narrator removes someone other than his Shaykh from the chain of transmission when he narrates, due to the removed narrator being weak or young or accused of something. This is done in order to give the impression that the chain is sound. The narrator who commits Taswiyah has to affirm with clear words that each narrator in the chain heard the hadeeth from the next, in order for his narration to be accepted. The only person known for this practice was Waleed bin Muslim.]

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