Saturday, June 29, 2013

Salaat al-Muftarid Khalf al-Mutanaffil - Part Two - (Hadeeths of Jaabir and Abu Bakrah)

The ahaadeeth of Jaabir and Abu Bakrah

Proof # 2:

((عَنْ جَابِرٍ، قَالَ: أَقْبَلْنَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ حَتَّى إِذَا كُنَّا بِذَاتِ الرِّقَاعِ – فذكر الحديث، الي أن قال - فَنُودِيَ بِالصَّلَاةِ، فَصَلَّى النبي صلي الله عليه وسلم بِطَائِفَةٍ رَكْعَتَيْنِ، ثُمَّ تَأَخَّرُوا، وَصَلَّى بِالطَّائِفَةِ الْأُخْرَى رَكْعَتَيْنِ، قَالَ: فَكَانَتْ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَرْبَعُ رَكَعَاتٍ، وَلِلْقَوْمِ رَكْعَتَانِ))

Jaabir (radiallah anhu) reported: “We went forward with the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) until we reached Dhaat ar-Riqaa' – then the narrator mentioned the full hadeeth up to when he said – Then call to prayer was made and he (the Holy Prophet) led a group in two rak'ah. Then (the members of this group) withdrew and he (peace be upon him) led the second group in two rak'ahs. So the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) observed four rak'ahs and people observed two rak'ahs.”

[Saheeh al-Bukhaari ta’leeqan (2/593 H. 4136), Saheeh Muslim mawsoolan (2/279 H. 843)]

Proof # 3:

عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرَةَ، قَالَ: «صَلَّى النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِي خَوْفٍ الظُّهْرَ، فَصَفَّ بَعْضُهُمْ خَلْفَهُ، وَبَعْضُهُمْ بِإِزَاءِ الْعَدُوِّ، فَصَلَّى بِهِمْ رَكْعَتَيْنِ، ثُمَّ سَلَّمَ فَانْطَلَقَ الَّذِينَ صَلَّوْا مَعَهُ، فَوَقَفُوا مَوْقِفَ أَصْحَابِهِمْ، ثُمَّ جَاءَ أُولَئِكَ فَصَلَّوْا خَلْفَهُ، فَصَلَّى بِهِمْ رَكْعَتَيْنِ، ثُمَّ سَلَّمَ، فَكَانَتْ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَرْبَعًا، وَلِأَصْحَابِهِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ»، «وَبِذَلِكَ كَانَ يُفْتِي الْحَسَنُ»
Narrated Abu Bakrah: “The Prophet (peace be upon him) offered the Zuhr prayer in time of danger. Some of the people formed a row behind him and others arrayed themselves against the enemy. He led them in two rak’ahs and then he uttered the salutation. Then those who were with him went away and took the position of their companions before the enemy. Then they came and prayed behind him. He led them in two rak'ahs and uttered the salutation. Thus the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) offered four rak'ahs and his companions offered two rak'ahs.”
The narrator said: “Al-Hasan used to give legal verdict on the authority of this tradition.”

[Sunan Abu Dawood (1248), Sunan Nasaa’ee (1553), Saheeh]

The understanding of these ahaadeeth by the Muhadditheen:

Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah (D. 311) names the chapter of these ahaadeeth as follows:

بَابٌ فِي صِفَةِ صَلَاةِ الْخَوْفِ وَالْعَدُوُّ خَلْفَ الْقِبْلَةِ «وَصَلَاةِ الْإِمَامِ بِكُلِّ طَائِفَةٍ رَكْعَتَيْنِ، وَهَذَا أَيْضًا الْجِنْسُ الَّذِي أَعْلَمْتُ مِنْ جَوَازِ صَلَاةِ الْمَأْمُومِ فَرِيضَةً خَلْفَ الْإِمَامِ الْمُصَلِّي نَّافِلَةً، إِذْ إِحْدَى الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ كَانَتْ لِلنَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ تَطَوُّعًا وَلِلْمَأْمُومِينَ فَرِيضَةً»
“Chapter on the description of prayer when the enemy is behind the Qiblah; and the Imaam leading each group with two rak’ahs; and this is also from the type that I had informed before about the permissibility of a person praying fard behind an Imaam who is praying Nafl; because the two of those four rak’ahs were Nafl for the Prophet and Fard for the followers”
[Saheeh Ibn Khuzaymah (2/297, Ch. 615)]

Imaam Ibn al-Mundhir (D. 318) said:

وَهَذَا الْخَبَرُ يَدُلُّ عَلَى إِبَاحَةِ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ الْمَرْءُ الْفَرِيضَةَ خَلْفَ مَنْ يُصَلِّي نَافِلَةً،؛ لِأَنَّ الْآخِرَةَ مِنْ صَلَاةِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَانَتْ نَافِلَةً
“And this report is evidence that a person can pray Fard behind the one praying Nafl, because the last (two rak’ah) prayer of the Prophet (peace be upon him) was Nafl”
[Al-Awsat by Ibn al-Mundhir (5/32)]

Imaam Bayhaqi (D. 454) titled the chapter of these ahaadeeth as follows:

باب الْفَرِيضَةَ خَلْفَ مَنْ يُصَلِّي نَافِلَةً
“Chapter on praying Fard behind the one praying Nafl”
[Al-Sunan al-Kubra lil Bayhaqi (3/85)]

Haafidh Ibn Hazm (D. 456) has also taken evidence from these ahaadeeth for the permissibility of praying Fard behind the one praying Nafl.
[Al-Muhalla (4/226)]

Haafidh Nawawi (631 – 676 H) writes:

وَكَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مُتَنَفِّلًا فِي الثانية وهم متفرضون وَاسْتَدَلَّ بِهِ الشَّافِعِيُّ وَأَصْحَابُهُ عَلَى جَوَازِ صَلَاةِ المفترض خلف المتنفل
“And the Prophet (peace be upon him) was a Mutanaffil (i.e. praying Nafl) in the second congregation while they were praying Fard; Ash-Shaafi’ee and his Companions have taken evidence from this hadeeth for the permissibility of Salaat al-Muftarid Khalf al-Mutanaffil”
[Sharh Al-Nawawi Ala Muslim (1/279)]

Moreover, Haafidh Nawawi has titled the chapter of these ahaadeeth in “Khulaasah al-Ahkaam” as follows:

باب صحة صلاة المفترض خلف المتنفل.
“Chapter on the correctness of praying Fard behind the one praying Nafl”
[Khulaasah al-Ahkaam by Nawawi (2/697)]

Allaamah Zayla’ee Hanafi writes:

وعلي كل حال، فالاستدلال علي الحنفية بحديث جابر صحيح.
“In any case, taking evidence from the hadeeth of Jaabir against the Hanafiyyah is correct”
[Nasb ur-Raayah (2/57)]

Allaamah Sindhi Hanafi writes:

ولا يخفي أنه يلزم فيه اقتداء المفترض بالمتنفل قطعا ولم أرلهم عنه جوابا شافيا.
“And it is clearly evident that this hadeeth proves the permissibility of praying Fard behind the one praying Nafl, and I have not seen a good answer to this (hadeeth) from them (i.e. Hanafiyyah)”
[Haashiah as-Sindhi Ala al-Nasaa’ee (3/178-179)]

Analyses of the Ta’weelaat & Objections:

As you can see, the respected Imaam of Ahnaaf, Allaamah Sindhi Hanafi is in fact saying that Ahnaaf do not have any good answer to this hadeeth, but still some later people have tried their best to experiment their Taqleedi tricks. Let’s analyze each of them here:

Ta’weel # 1:

Anwar Shaah Kaashmiree Deobandi writes:

قد علمت أن فيه حجة للشافعية في مسألة جواز اقتداء المفترض بالمتنفل وعجز عن جوابه مثل الزيلعي وابن الهمام، وحمله الطحاوي علي زمان كانت الفرائض فيه تصلي مرتين، وقد أجبت عنه جوابا شافيا.
“I know that this hadeeth contains evidence for the Shaafi’eeyyah on the issue of the permissibility of praying Fard behind the one praying Nafl; and even the likes of az-Zayla’ee and Ibn al-Hammaam have not been able to answer it, while Tahaawi held it restricted to a particular period in which the Fard prayers used to be performed twice; however I have answered it with a good answer”
[Faydh ul-Baari (4/104)]


Anwar Shaah Kaashmiree has at least confessed that this hadeeth contains the evidence for this issue; on top of that, even the major Hanafi Scholars are unable to answer to it. Imaam Tahaawi restricted it to a particular period to which we have already answered before (under the objections on the Hadeeth of Mu’aadh) that the evidence which he based this opinion on is severely weak so the claim is destroyed by itself. Nonetheless this answer (of Tahaawi) was not a good answer according to Kaashmiree as well, so the objection of Tahaawi is demolished by the ahnaaf themselves.

Now as for the so-called “good answer” of Kaashmiree then let us inform you that Kaashmiree sahab is known for doing such trials against the authentic narrations. A similar “good answer” to the issue of one witr, which is proven from the Prophet in Saheeh Muslim which many major Hanafi Scholars have also attested to, also came in the mind of Kaashmiree sahab after a lengthy “hard work” of about fourteen (14) years.
[See, Faydh ul-Baari (2/375), Al-Urf ash-Shazi (1/107), Ma’aarif Al-Sunan by Binnoori (4/264), Dars-e-Tirmidhi by Taqi Uthmaani (3/224)]

One may ask, is this the cost of obeying a hadeeth that if it is against the saying of Imaam, then one should search for its answer his whole life instead of acting upon it? Was this the way of Sahaabah Karaam (radiallah anhum) and Taabi’een (rahimahumullah)? Was this the teaching of Imaam Abu Haneefah and other A’immah of Deen?

Readers should decide themselves as to whether this behavior is compassion for hadeeth or ……..? This is the acceptance of hadeeth or …….? And is this the accordance of hadeeth or …….?

Ta’weel # 2:

Now listen to the “Good Kaashmiree Answer” to the hadeeth of Salaat al-Khawf, he writes:

والجواب على ما ظَهَرَ لي: أن النبيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلّم صلاها في ذات الرِّقَاع على الصفة المختارة عند الشافعية، فصلَّى بطائفةٍ ركعةً، ثم ثَبَتَ قائمًا حتى أَتَمُّوا لأنفسهم، وجاءت الأخرى، فصلَّى بهم كذلك، فاعتبر الراوي ركعته صلى الله عليه وسلّم ركعةً، ومُكْثَةُ بقدر ما أَتَمُّوا لأنفسهم ركعةً أخرى، فعبَّر عنه بالركعتين. وكانت الركعتان في الحقيقة لمن خلفه صلى الله عليه وسلّم وإنما نَسَبَهُمَا إليه أيضًا لتأخيره بتلك المدَّة، ومُكْثِهِ فيها، فإذا تضمَّنت ركعته صلى الله عليه وسلّم ركعتيهم، تضمَّنت ركعتاه لأربعهم لا مَحَالة. وهذا وإن كان يرى تأويلا في بادىء النظر، لكنه مُؤَيَّدٌ بما يُرْوَى عن جابر في عين تلك القصة. فقد أخرج البخاريُّ: عن صالح بن خَوَّات، عمن شَهِدَ مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلّم يوم ذات الرِّقَاع صلاةَ الخوف: «أن طائفةً صفَّت معه، وطائفةً وِجَاه العدو، فصلَّى بالتي معه ركعةً، ثم ثَبَتَ قائمًا، وأتمُّوا لأنفسهم. ثم انصرفوا، فصفُّوا وِجَاه العدو. وجاءت الطائفةُ الأخرى، فصلَّى بهم الركعةَ التي بقيت من صلاته، ثم ثَبَتَ جالسًا، وأتمُّوا لأنفسهم، ثم سلَّم بهم». اه- . (5/83) فهذا صريحٌ في أن القومَ فَرَغُوا بعد ركعتين ركعتين، وأمَّا النبيُ صلى الله عليه وسلّم فلم يَفْرُغ عن صلاته حتى فَرَغُوا جميعًا. فكانت لهم ركعتان ركعتان، وكانت للنبيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلّم أيضًا ركعتان، كما ذكره الراوي ههنا، إلا أنه لمَّا مَكَثَ بعد ركعةٍ بقدر ركعةٍ، وانتظر القوم عبَّر عنه الراوي هناك بالركعة، وعَدَّ له أربع ركعات بهذا الطريق. ولا بُدَّ، فإن الواقعةَ واحدةٌ، فلعلَّك عَلِمْتَ الآن حال تعبير الرواة أنه لا يُبْنَى على مسألةٍ فقهيةٍ فقط، بل يأتي على عبارات وملاحظ تَسْنَخُ لهم عند الرواية.
“And the answer that has appeared to me is that in Dhaat ar-Riqaa, the Prophet (peace be upon) prayed in a way that is favored by Shaafi’eeyyah, i.e. the Prophet (peace be upon him) led the first group in one rak’ah, then he remained standing until those following him completed their prayer (i.e. both rak’ahs) on their own; then the second group came so he (peace be upon him) led them in one rak’ah likewise while they completed the second rak’ah on their own. Therefore, the narrator considered his rak’ah to be one rak’ah and his stay until the Sahaabah completed their prayer on their own as another rak’ah so like this he counted his two rak’ahs; whereas the two rak’ahs were actually that of those Sahaabah who prayed behind him but he attributed them to the Prophet as well because of his stay during that period. When the one rak’ah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) covered the two rak’ahs of the Sahaabah then the two rak’ahs of the Prophet (peace be upon him) covered the four rak’ahs of the Sahaabah without any doubt. Although this apparently seems to be a Ta’weel but it is supported by another narration of Jaabir concerning the same incident as narrated in Bukhaari (5/83) from Saalih bin Khawwaat who narrates from someone who witnessed the Salaat al-Khawf with the Prophet on the day of Dhaat ar-Riqaa that, ‘One batch lined up behind him while another batch (lined up) facing the enemy. The Prophet led the batch that was with him in one rak`ah, and he stayed in the standing posture while that batch completed their (two rak’aat) prayer by themselves and went away, lining in the face of the enemy, while the other batch came and he (i.e. the Prophet) offered his remaining rak`ah with them, and then, kept on sitting till they completed their prayer by themselves, and he then finished his prayer with Tasleem along with them’. Thus this narration clearly proves that the Sahaabah finished completing their prayer as two rak’ahs each batch, but the Prophet (peace be upon him) did not finish his prayer until all of them had finished their prayer; thus the Sahaabah prayed two rak’ahs each while the Prophet (peace be upon him) prayed two rak’ahs also, as the narrator mentioned here. However, when he (peace be upon him) stayed standing after one rak’ah for as long as the period of one rak’ah while waiting for the Sahaabah, the narrator counted that (wait) as one rak’ah as well and like this he counted his rak’ahs to be four in number. There is no doubt that both these incidents are the same (i.e. this and that of al-Bukhaari narrated above). Probably now you understand the condition of the narrators’ interpretation that this interpretation is not merely based on one Fiqhi issue, rather the passages that a narrator understands at the time of narration, is what he interprets based on!”
[Faydh ul-Baari (3/247)]


Look how much difficulties and complications Kaashmiree sahab had to undergo just to get rid of the hadeeth! However, this great “hard work” of his could not also bear any fruit, because:

The narration based on which, Kaashmiree sahab has made such a huge and far-fetched Ta’weel is, according to the affirmations of Muhadditheen, a separate incident and not the same one. Therefore, the saying of Kaashmiree sahab: “And there is no doubt that the incident is the same” is Baatil due to several reasons:

1-    The words from someone who witnessed the Salaat al-Khawf with the Prophet on the day of Dhaat ar-Riqaa as mentioned in the narration presented above with reference to Bukhaari, do not at all denote “Jaabir (radiallah anhu)” as this unnamed person. There is no such thing narrated from the Mujtahid A’immah and Fuqaha. No scholar, until today, has said such a thing; rather this is purely a “Kaashmiree disclosure”

Haafidh Ibn Hajar said:

قِيلَ إِنَّ اسْم هَذَا الْمُبْهم سهل بن أَبِي حَثْمَةَ لِأَنَّ الْقَاسِمَ بْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ رَوَى حَدِيثَ صَلَاةِ الْخَوْفِ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ خَوَّاتٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ أَبِي حَثْمَةَ وَهَذَا هُوَ الظَّاهِرُ مِنْ رِوَايَةِ الْبُخَارِيِّ وَلَكِنَّ الرَّاجِحَ أَنَّهُ أَبُوهُ خَوَّاتُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ لِأَنَّ أَبَا أُوَيْسٍ رَوَى هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ رُومَانَ شَيْخِ مَالِكٍ فِيهِ فَقَالَ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ خَوات عَن أَبِيه أخرجه بن مَنْدَهْ فِي مَعْرِفَةِ الصَّحَابَةِ مِنْ طَرِيقِهِ وَكَذَلِكَ أَخْرَجَهُ الْبَيْهَقِيُّ مِنْ طَرِيقِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ عَنْ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ خَوَّاتٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَجَزَمَ النَّوَوِيُّ فِي تَهْذِيبِهِ بِأَنَّهُ خَوَّاتُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ وَقَالَ إِنَّهُ مُحَقَّقٌ مِنْ رِوَايَةِ مُسْلِمٍ وَغَيْرِهِ قُلْتُ وَسَبَقَهُ لِذَلِكَ الْغَزَّالِيُّ فَقَالَ إِنَّ صَلَاةَ ذَاتِ الرِّقَاعِ فِي رِوَايَةِ خَوَّاتِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ
“It is said that the name of this unnamed person is Sahl bin Abi Khathmah because Qaasim bin Muhammad has narrated a hadeeth concerning Salaat al-Khawf from Saalih bin Khawwaat who narrated from Sahl bin Abi Khathmah and this is apparent from the narration of Bukhaari. However, the most authentic opinion is that it (i.e. the unnamed person) is (actually) his father, Khawwaat bin Jubayr, because Abu Uways has narrated this (exact) hadeeth from Yazeed bin Rumaan, who is the Shaykh of (Imaam) Maalik, from Saalih bin Khawwaat who narrated it from his Father. Ibn Mandah has also narrated it with this (same) chain in (his book) Ma’rifat is-Sahaabah; and similarly, Al-Bayhaqi has also narrated it from the route of Ubaydullah bin Umar from al-Qaasim bin Muhammad from Saalih bin Khawwaat from his Father. (In fact) Al-Nawawi has said with the expression of certainty in his (book) Al-Tahdheeb that it is (actually) Khawwaat bin Jubayr and he said that this is established from the narration of Muslim and others. I (Ibn Hajar) say: Al-Ghazzaali has taken precedence to him in this when he said that, certainly the salaat performed in Dhaat ar-Riqaa is from the narration of Khawwaat bin Jubayr”
[Fath al-Baari (7/422)]

Haafidh further said:

وَيُحْتَمَلُ أَنَّ صَالِحًا سَمِعَهُ مِنْ أَبِيهِ وَمِنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ أَبِي حَثْمَةَ فَلِذَلِكَ يُبْهِمُهُ تَارَةً وَيُعَيِّنُهُ أُخْرَى إِلَّا أَنَّ تَعْيِينَ كَوْنِهَا كَانَتْ ذَاتَ الرِّقَاعِ إِنَّمَا هُوَ فِي رِوَايَتِهِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَلَيْسَ فِي رِوَايَةِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ سَهْلٍ أَنَّهُ صَلَّاهَا مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ....
“And it is possible that Saalih heard it both from his father as well as Sahl bin Abi Khathmah which is why he would make his name ambiguous one time and reveal it the other. However, the certainty of the narrator concerning (the narration of) Dhaat ar-Riqaa is only in his narration from his father; and it is unlikely in the narration of Saalih from Sahl that he would have prayed this prayer with the Prophet (peace be upon him) (as he was too young during that expedition).”
[Fath al-Baari (7/422)]

From these clarifications, it is as brightly evident as the brightness of the day that in this narration, Saalih bin Khawwaat is not narrating the Salaat al-Khawf of Dhaat ar-Riqaa from Jaabir (radiallah anhu), rather he is narrating it from his father Khawwaat bin Jubayr. Therefore, the saying of Kaashmiree sahab, but it is supported by another narration of Jaabir concerning the same incident as narrated in Bukhaariis absolutely baseless.

2-    The Muhadditheen have narrated several ways of performing Salaat al-Khawf from the Prophet (peace be upon him), so those methods that are authentically proven from him can all be acted upon.

Muhammad Sarfaraz Khan Safdar Deobandi Hayaati writes:

“Haafidh Ibn Qayyim writes in Zaad al-Ma’aad (1/147) that there are six or seven different ways of performing Salaat al-Khawf and all of them are permissible. Allaamah Ibn Hazm, in Al-Muhalla, and Abu Dawood, in al-Sunan, have mentioned thirteen (different) ways. Qaadhi Shawkaani writes in Nayl al-Awtaar (3/337) that there are seventeen ways. Haafidh Ibn Hajar narrates sixteen ways with reference to Abu Bakr Ibn al-Arabi (Fath al-Baari: 2/431). Ameer Yamaani writes in Subul al-Salam that ‘Ibn Hazm said that fourteen ways out of these are authentically proven, and Ibn al-Arabi said that there are numerous narrations concerning it, sixteen of which are authentic’. Whichever of these you follow, is correct.”
[Khazaain al-Sunan (2/202)]

Therefore, when this incident is proven to be separate on its own then there is no reason why it should be blended, through Ta’weel, with the method narrated from Jaabir (radiallah anhu).

That is why the Mujtahideen have mentioned the prayer of Dhaat ar-Riqaa narrated from Jaabir (radiallah anhu) as a separate method, and the way of prayer narrated from Saalih bin Khawwaat as a separate method. It is obvious that the Prophet (peace be upon him) would not have prayed just one prayer in this expedition; he would have adopted one way in one prayer while another way in another prayer. Therefore, there does not remain any disagreement between both narrations, and they both stand alone as two separate (methods of) prayer.

Imaam Ibn Hibbaan has mentioned the narration of Sayyidunah Jaabir (radiallah anhu) as a sixth, while the narration of Saalih bin Khawwaat as a seventh method of performing Salaat al-Khawf.
[Saheeh Ibn Hibbaan (7/135-140)]

Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah has also proven two separate methods of Salaat al-Khawf from these two narrations.
[Saheeh Ibn Khuzaymah (2/297, 300)]

Imaam Ibn al-Mundhir has mentioned the narration of Sayyidunah Jaabir as a fourth, while the narration of Saalih bin Khawwaat as a sixth method of Salaat al-Khawf.
[Al-Awsat by Ibn al-Mundhir (5/32-33)]

Imaam Bukhaari has also mentioned the narrations of Saalih bin Khawwaat and Sayyidunah Jaabir as separate.

In short, it is proven that these two are two separate incidents.

3-    This ta’weel of Kaashmiree sahab can also easily be invalidated by the fact that the narration of Abu Dawood and Nasaa’ee mentions the words of “Thumma Sallam (then he uttered the salaam)” i.e. He (peace be upon him) said salaam after two rak’ahs, so if as per Kaashmiree sahab, the narrator confused his one rak’ah with two rak’ahs then does that mean he (peace be upon him) said salaam after one rak’ah? [After making that long and fictional Ta’weel] Kaashmiree sahab himself admitted to this fact saying:

ويخدشه ما عند النسائي (ص: ٢٣٢) من ذكر تسليم النبي صلي الله عليه وسلم أيضا بعد ركعتين.
“The mention of the Prophet’s Tasleem (peace be upon him) after two rak’ahs in the narration of Al-Nasaa’ee (P. 232), also tears my Ta’weel apart”
[Faydh ul-Baari (4/104)]

Ta’weel # 3:

Kaashmiree sahab himself confessed that the salutation of the Prophet (peace be upon him) makes this Ta’weel invalid, but still he did not leave his Ta’weel, rather to prove the same ta’weel, he suggested another Ta’weel. One may ask, is this what you call acceptance and obedience of hadeeth? He writes:

قد انكشف عندنا حقيقة الأمر، وأن لا نتبع الألفاظ ونقول: انه بالحقيقة تسليم القوم، ونسبت الي امامه لكونهم في امامته، لا أنه تسليم نفسه، أو يقال: انه لما انتظر تسليم القوم، عبر الراوي انتظارا للتسليم بالتسليم.
“The reality of the matter has become clear to us; we will not go by the (apparent) words but say that actually it was the salutation of the followers (not the Prophet’s); and it was attributed to him because he was their Imaam, not that it was his own Salaam; or it will be said that when he (peace be upon him) waited for the salaam of the followers, the narrator interpreted his wait with his salaam”
[Faydh ul-Baari (4/104)]


Dear Readers! See where this accursed Taqleed has taken these Muqallideen up to; every hadeeth which goes against the saying of their Imaam ends up becoming a practice-board for their Ta’weelaat; and they do not even hesitate to attack the understanding of the Noble Companions who were the direct students of the Messenger of Allaah.

You’d see that the Noble A’immah, the great Muhadditheen, and the noble Fuqaha, so much so that even the Hanafi elders are explicitly proving the issue of Salaat al-Muftarid Khalf al-Mutanaffil from these ahaadeeth, but the Muqallideen say only those things which were not said by anyone before. Were Muhadditheen, A’immah Karaam, and the Hanafi elders more knowledgeable of this hadeeth or today’s blind Muqallid? If we open the doors to Ta’weelaat like this then numerous methods of Salaat al-Khawf, which are accepted even according to the Ahnaaf, will become Baatil; in fact all the methods will be made one by doing Ta’weelaat!!!


All this “Ta’weeli hard-work” of Kaashmiree sahab will go in vain when we will mention the comments of Imaam Tahaawi on this hadeeth (of Saalih bin Khawwaat). He writes:

فَقَدْ خَالَفَ الْقَاسِمُ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ يَزِيدَ بْنِ رُومَانَ فَإِنْ كَانَ هَذَا يُؤْخَذُ مِنْ طَرِيقِ الْإِسْنَادِ فَإِنَّ عَبْدَ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ خَوَّاتٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ أَبِي حَثْمَةَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَحْسَنُ مِنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ رُومَانَ عَنْ صَالِحٍ عَمَّنْ أَخْبَرَهُ وَإِنْ تَكَافَآ تَضَادَّا، وَإِذَا تَضَادَّا لَمْ يَكُنْ لِأَحَدِ الْخَصْمَيْنِ فِي أَحَدِهِمَا حُجَّةٌ ; إِذْ كَانَ لِخَصْمِهِ عَلَيْهِ مِثْلُ مَا لَهُ عَلَى خَصْمِهِ. فَإِنْ قَالَ قَائِلٌ: فَإِنَّ يَحْيَى بْنَ سَعِيدٍ قَدْ رَوَى عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ خَوَّاتٍ عَنْ سَهْلٍ مَا يُوَافِقُ مَا رَوَى يَزِيدُ بْنُ رُومَانَ وَيَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ لَيْسَ بِدُونِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ فِي الضَّبْطِ وَالْحِفْظِ. قِيلَ لَهُ: يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ كَمَا ذَكَرْتُ وَلَكِنْ لَمْ يَرْفَعِ الْحَدِيثَ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَإِنَّمَا أَوْقَفَهُ عَلَى سَهْلٍ , فَقَدْ يَجُوزُ أَنْ يَكُونَ مَا رَوَى عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ صَالِحٍ هُوَ الَّذِي كَذَلِكَ. كَانَ عِنْدَ سَهْلٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ خَاصَّةً ثُمَّ قَالَ: هُوَ مِنْ رَأْيِهِ مَا بَقِيَ فَصَارَ ذَلِكَ رَأْيًا مِنْهُ , لَا عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَلِذَلِكَ لَمْ يَرْفَعْهُ يَحْيَى إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ. فَلَمَّا احْتَمَلَ ذَلِكَ مَا ذَكَرْنَا , ارْتَفَعَ أَنْ يَقُومَ بِهِ حُجَّةٌ أَيْضًا. وِالنَّظَرُ يَدْفَعُ ذَلِكَ ; لِأَنَّا لَمْ نَجِدْ فِي شَيْءٍ مِنَ الصَّلَاةِ أَنَّ الْمَأْمُومَ يُصَلِّي شَيْئًا مِنْهَا قَبْلَ الْإِمَامِ , وَإِنَّمَا يَفْعَلُهُ الْمَأْمُومُ مَعَ فِعْلِ الْإِمَامِ أَوْ بَعْدَ فِعْلِ الْإِمَامِ , وَإِنَّمَا يُلْتَمَسُ عِلْمُ مَا اخْتُلِفَ فِيهِ مِمَّا أُجْمِعَ عَلَيْهِ.
“Qaasim has opposed Yazeed bin Rumaan in this narration. If we have a look at the chain then the chain of ‘Abdur Rahmaan from his father (Qaasim) from Saalih bin Khawwaat from Sahl bin Abi Khathmah from the Prophet’ is better than the chain of, ‘Yazeed bin Rumaan from Saalih from the one who informed him’. Even if they were equal, they are contradictory to each other, and when they are contradictory, they cannot become evidence for any of the two groups…. If someone says that Yahya bin Sa’eed has narrated it from the chain of Qaasim bin Muhammad from Saalih bin Khawwaat from Sahl matching with what Yazeed bin Rumaan narrated, and Yahya bin Sa’eed is no less in Dhabt and Hifdh to Abdur Rahmaan bin Qaasim; then the answer to this is that Yahya bin Sa’eed is as you said, but he did not mention this narration as Marfoo up to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and he only stopped it up to Sahl. It is possible that what Abdur Rahmaan bin Qaasim narrated were from the exclusive words of the Prophet while that which is from Yahya bin Sa’eed might be his personal opinion which is why he did not narrate it as Marfoo. When our above mentioned possibility is present then taking evidence from it no longer remains valid. Secondly, this is not even correct intellectually because we do not see any prayer in which a Muqtadi performs a part of the prayer before the Imaam, rather he either performs with the Imaam or after the Imaam; in case of difference the matters of consensus are to be referred to”

He further writes:

وَلَمَّا لَمْ نَجِدْ لِقَضَاءِ الْمَأْمُومِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَفْرُغَ الْإِمَامُ مِنَ الصَّلَاةِ أَصْلًا فِيمَا أُجْمِعَ عَلَيْهِ يَدُلُّ عَلَيْهِ فَنَعْطِفُهُ عَلَيْهِ , أَبْطَلْنَا الْعَمَلَ بِهِ وَرَجَعْنَا إِلَى الْآثَارِ الْأُخَرِ الَّتِي قَدَّمْنَا ذِكْرَهَا , الَّتِي مَعَهَا التَّوَاتُرُ وَشَوَاهِدُ الْإِجْمَاعِ. وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ خِلَافُ ذَلِكَ كُلِّهِ
 “When we did not find a consented upon base to rely on – so that we turn the hadeeth toward it – for the completion of follower before the completion of Imaam from the Prayer, so we declared acting upon it to be invalid. And we turned towards the other Athaar, which have the accordance of Ijmaa and Tawaatur with them. Moreover, Abu Hurayrah (radiallah anhu) has narrated a complete opposite way of it from the Prophet (peace be upon him).”

[Sharh Ma’aani al-Athaar by Tahaawi (1/218-219 and 1/312 in Shamilah)]

Now, the followers of Kaashmiree sahab should tell us that what position does the saying of Kaashmiree holds in front of the saying of Imaam Tahaawi Hanafi? Will it be accepted from Tahaawi Hanafi or from Kaashmiree sahab? The narration based on which Kaashmiree made such huge and complex Ta’weelaat, Imaam Tahaawi declared that every hadeeth to be unworthy to take evidence from. Ahnaaf should now at least keep the honor of their elders.

Ta’weel # 4:

Ibn al-Turkamaani al-Hanafi writes:

هذا كان في صلاة الخوف والنبي صلي الله عليه وسلم كان في مسافة لا تقصر في مثلها الصلوة.
“This prayer of the Prophet (peace be upon him) was at a distance at which the prayers are not shortened”

[Al-Johar al-Naqi (3/86), also see Sharh Ma’aani al-Athaar (1/220)]


1-    Anwar Shaah Kaashmiree Deobandi writes:

وحمله علي حال الإقامة باطل.
“Considering it to be at the condition of residency is Baatil”
[Faydh ul-Baari (3/247)]

2-    Haafidh Ibn Hazm writes:

هَذَا جَهْلٌ وَكَذِبٌ آخَرُ، أَبُو بَكْرَةَ مُتَأَخِّرُ الْإِسْلَامِ، لَمْ يَشْهَدْ بِالْمَدِينَةِ قَطُّ خَوْفًا، وَلَا صَلَاةَ خَوْفٍ، وَلَا فِيمَا يَقْرُبُ مِنْهَا، وَإِنَّمَا كَانَ ذَلِكَ - قَالَ جَابِرٌ -: بِنَخْلٍ، وَبِذَاتِ الرِّقَاعِ، فَكِلَا الْمَوْضِعَيْنِ عَلَى أَزْيَدَ مِنْ ثَلَاثَةِ أَيَّامٍ مِنْ الْمَدِينَةِ.
“This saying is based on ignorance and lie. Abu Bakrah was a late-comer to Islaam; he never saw in Madeenah any Fear, or the Prayer of Fear, or anything like that. And according to the saying of Jaabir, this Salaat al-Khawf was offered at the places of Nakhl and Dhaat ar-Riqaa’ and both these places are located at the distance of more than three days from Madeenah.”
[Al-Muhalla by Ibn Hazm (4/235)]

Therefore, this Ta’weel is Baatil and void because of being against the clear ahaadeeth, the sayings of A’immah Deen, the understanding of Muhadditheen, and the Faqaahat of Fuqaha Karaam.

What’s challenging is to accept a hadeeth, Ta’weel is not hard to make. Whoever is on Baatil can, anyhow, make a Ta’weel without proofs.

Allaamah Ibn Abi al-Izz al-Hanafi (D. 792) writes in the explanation of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah:

ولا يشاء مبطل أن يتأول النصوص ويحرفها عن مواضعها الا وجد الي ذالك من السبيل.
 “No deviant person wishes to make a Ta’weel of texts and alter them from various sides except that he would find a way to do it”
[Sharh al-Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah (189)]

Moreover, he writes under the harms of corrupt Ta’weel:

وهذا الذي أفسد الدنيا والدين وهكذا فعلت اليهود والنصاري في نصوص التوراة والإنجيل وحذرنا الله أن نفعل مثلهم وأبي المبطلون الا سلوك سبيلهم، وكم جني التأويل الفاسد علي الدين وأهله من جناية؟ فهل قتل عثمان رضي الله عنه الا بالتأويل الفاسد! وكذا ما جري في يوم الجمل، وصفين، ومقتل الحسين رضي الله عنه، والحرة! وهل خرجت الخوارج، واعتزلت المعتزلة، ورفضت الروافض، وافترقت الأمة علي ثلاث وسبعين فرقة، الا باتأويل الفاسد.
“And this approach has played havoc with religion and life. This is what the Jews and Christians did with the texts of the Torah and Gospel. Allaah has warned us against doing the same. But vicious people have not heeded the warning and have in fact followed in their footsteps. What harm the Ta’weel has done to Islaam and Muslims! Was not Uthmaan (radiallah anhu) killed because of a Ta’weel of the texts? Did not the battles of the Camel and Siffeen, the killing of Al-Husayn (radiallah anhu), and the incidents of Al-Harrah take place on account of it? Did not the Khaarijis, Mu’tazilis, and Raafidis commit their heresies because of it? And did not the Muslim nation become divided into seventy three sects because of it?”
[Sharh al-Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah (189)]

He further writes:

وأما اذا تأول الكلام بما لا يدل عليه ولا اقترن به ما يدل عليه، فباخباره بأن هذا مراده كذب عليه، وهو تأويل بالراى وتوهم بالهوى.
“And if someone interprets a speech to mean what it does not imply and what is not indicated by other evidence, then his claim that what he is saying is what the speaker means, is a lie upon him; and it is nothing but a subjective interpretation and wishful imagining.”
[Sharh al-Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah (198)]

Is this Ta’weel not an allegation on the Prophet (peace be upon him) and wishful imagining against the Saheeh Ahaadeeth, understanding of Muhadditheen, and the sayings of Fuqaha?

Now on one side, Imaam Tahaawi Hanafi declares acting upon this hadeeth to be Baatil and against the Ijmaa & Tawaatur; while on the other hand, Kaashmiree sahab is making all sorts of Ta’weelaat to make the clear and authentic narration of Bukhaari and Muslim in accordance to it.

Readers! Do justice and let us know will the saying of Imaam Tahaawi be accepted in Hanafi Fiqh or the saying of Kaashmiree sahab? If a Mujtahid takes account of it that’s a different thing, but what right does a Muqallid have to oppose his Imaam? Is this not a contradiction?

Ta’weel # 5:

وان قصر الصلاة انما أمره الله تعالي به بعد ذلك فكانت الأربع يومئذ مفروضة علي رسول الله صلي الله عليه وسلم
“The command of shortening the prayer (during the travel) was given by Allaah after this incident; these four rak’ahs were fard upon the Prophet (peace be upon him) on that day”

[Sharh Ma’aani al-Athaar (1/221)]


This saying of Imaam Tahaawi is not correct because it is agreed upon that the expedition of Dhaat ar-Riqaa’, at the least, took place in four (4) hijri while the commandment of shortening the prayer during travel had revealed immediately after the Hijrah.

Haafidh Ibn Hazm writes:

وقد صح عن عائشة رضي الله عنها أن الصلاة أنزلت بمكة ركعتين ركعتين، فلما هاجر رسول الله صلي الله عليه وسلم اتمت صلاة الحضر وأقرت صلاة السفر.
“And it is authentically proven from Aa’ishah (radiallah anha) that the prayer in Makkah was prescribed to be consisting of two rak’ahs; thus when the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) migrated, the prayer at the place of residence was completed while the prayer in travelling remained the same”
[Saheeh Bukhaari (1090), Saheeh Muslim (685), Al-Muhalla by Ibn Hazm (4/235)]

He further said:

فهذا آخر فعل رسول الله صلي الله عليه وسلم، لأن أبا بكرة شهده، وانما كان اسلامه يوم الطائف بعد فتح مكة وبعد حنين.
“This was one of the last actions of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) because Abu Bakrah has witnessed it, and he became Muslim at the day of Taa’if after the conquest of Makkah and the expedition of Hunayn.”
[Al-Muhalla (4/227)]

Ta’weel # 6:

Imaam Tahaawi Hanafi writes:

قد يحتمل أن يكون ذلك السلام المذكور في هذا الموضع هو سلام التشهد الذي لا يراد به قطع الصلوة، ويحتمل أن يكون سلاما اراد به اعلام الطائفة الأولي بأوان انصرا فها والكلام جيئذ مباح له في الصلاة غير قاطع لها.
“It is possible that the salaam mentioned in this hadeeth might be the salaam of Tashahhud which does not imply the disconnection of prayer; moreover it is also possible that this salaam was to inform the first group to leave, as speaking in prayer was permissible at that time without being an interruption for the prayer.”

[Sharh Ma’aani al-Athaar (1/221)]


We have proven above that this incident of Salaat al-Khawf took place long after the commandment of shortening the prayer.

Haafidh Nawawi said:

وادعي الطحاوي أنه منسوخ ولا تقبل دعواه اذ لا دليل لنسخه.
“At-Tahaawi has claimed that it is Mansookh (abrogated), but this claim of his will not be accepted as there is no proof for its abrogation”
[Sharh Muslim by Nawawi (1/278)]

Therefore, if we take it to mean the salaam of Tashahhud (i.e. saying Assalaam-o-Alayka and Assalaam-o-Alayna in At-Tahiyyaat) then it will prove that the Prophet (peace be upon him) prayed four rak’ahs in Qasr; whereas according to Ahnaaf, praying four rak’ahs in Qasr is either Baatil or the last two will be considered Nafl.

Haafidh Ibn Hazm writes:

وَأَبُو حَنِيفَةَ يَرَى عَلَى مَنْ صَلَّى أَرْبَعًا وَهُوَ مُسَافِرٌ: أَنَّ صَلَاتَهُ فَاسِدَةٌ، إلَّا أَنْ يَجْلِسَ فِي الِاثْنَتَيْنِ مِقْدَارَ التَّشَهُّدِ فَتَصِحُّ صَلَاتُهُ، وَتَكُونُ الرَّكْعَتَانِ اللَّتَانِ يَقُومُ إلَيْهِمَا تَطَوُّعًا.
فَإِنْ كَانَ - عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ - لَمْ يَقْعُدْ بَيْنَ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ مِقْدَارَ التَّشَهُّدِ فَصَلَاتُهُ عِنْدَهُمْ فَاسِدَةٌ، فَإِنْ أَقْدَمُوا عَلَى هَذَا الْقَوْلِ كَفَرُوا بِلَا مِرْيَةٍ.
وَإِنْ كَانَ - عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ - قَعَدَ بَيْنَ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ مِقْدَارَ التَّشَهُّدِ، فَقَدْ صَارَتْ الطَّائِفَةُ الثَّانِيَةُ مُصَلِّيَةً فَرْضَهُمْ خَلْفَهُ، وَهُوَ - عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ - مُتَنَفِّلٌ، وَهَذَا قَوْلُنَا لَا قَوْلُهُمْ؟
“Abu Haneefah held the opinion that if someone prays four rak’ahs while he is traveling, his prayer is Faasid. However if he sat down after two rak’ahs in Tashahhud then his prayer will become correct but his other two rak’ahs will be considered Nafl.
So if he – peace be upon him – did not sit after the two rak’ahs then his prayer was (na’oozubillah) Faasid according to them (i.e. Ahnaaf), so if they say such a thing then they will be declared Kaafir without a doubt.
And if he – peace be upon him – sat after the two rak’ahs (according to them) in Tashahhud then certainly the second group offered their fard prayer behind him when he – peace be upon him – was praying Nafl; and this is our saying not theirs?”
[Al-Muhalla by Ibn Hazm (4/228)]

Allaamah Zayla’ee Hanafi writes:

وَعَلَى كُلِّ حَالٍ، فَالِاسْتِدْلَالُ عَلَى الْحَنَفِيَّةِ بِحَدِيثِ جَابِرٍ صَحِيحٌ، وَإِنْ لَمْ يُسَلِّمْ مِنْ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ، لِأَنَّ فَرْضَ الْمُسَافِرِ عِنْدَهُمْ رَكْعَتَانِ، وَالْقَصْرُ عَزِيمَةٌ، فَإِنْ صَلَّى الْمُسَافِرُ أَرْبَعًا، وَقَعَدَ فِي الْأُولَى صَحَّتْ صَلَاتُهُ، وَكَانَتْ الْأُخْرَيَانِ لَهُ نَافِلَةً
“In any case, taking evidence against the Hanafiyyah from the hadeeth of Jaabir is Saheeh even if he (peace be upon him) did not say salaam after two rak’ahs, because according to Ahnaaf only two rak’ahs are fard upon a traveler, and Qasr is Adheemah (obligatory), so if the traveler prays four rak’ahs and sits after the first two then his prayer will still be correct, and the last two of his rak’ahs will become Nafl for him”
[Nasb ur-Raayah (2/57)]

Ta’weel # 7:

Ibn al-Turkamaani al-Hanafi writes:

وهذا الحديث اضرب فيه الحسن فرواه مرة عن جابر ومرة عن أبي بكرة، ثم أخرجه البيهقي من حديث أبي بكرة وليس فيه أنه سلم بعد الركعتين الأوليين.
“And Al-Hasan (Al-Basri) has made Idtiraab in this hadeeth, as one time he would narrate it from Jaabir while another time he would narrate it from Abu Bakrah; then the narration of Abu Bakrah that Bayhaqi has narrated does not mention that he said salaam after the first two rak’ahs”

[Al-Johar al-Naqi (3/86)]


1-    The claim of Idtiraab is worthless because Abu Bakrah and Jaabir (radiallah anhum) both were present in this prayer and Hasan Basri narrated this incident from both of them. So what Idtiraab is there?

2-    Imaam Tahaawi Hanafi is agreed upon to be superior to Ibn al-Turkamaani Hanafi in the field of Hadeeth. He (Tahaawi) has laid many objections on this hadeeth whose answers have passed before, but this objection was not even made by Imaam Tahaawi which is evidence that this defect is not in the hadeeth even according to him.

3-    Allaamah Zayla’ee Hanafi writes about this hadeeth:

أخرجه ابو داود بسند صحيح.
“It is narrated by Abu Dawood with an authentic chain”
[Nasb ur-Raayah (2/646)]

Therefore, there is no Idtiraab. As for the claim that the narration of Abu Bakrah in Sunan al-Kubra lil Bayhaqi does not mention the salaam, then the answer to it is that if a narrator does not mention these words from Abu Bakrah while another mentions it, then according to the Imaams of Ahnaaf the addition of the Thiqah narrator in this authentic hadeeth should be accepted.

Allaamah Zayla’ee Hanafi says after mentioning the hadeeth of Abu Bakrah:

واعلم أن هذا الحديث صريح أنه عليه الصلاة والسلام سلم من الركعتين.
“Be aware that this hadeeth (of Abu Bakrah) is clear in proving that he – peace and blessings be upon him – said salaam after two rak’ahs”
[Nasb ur-Raayah (2/246)]

Proof # 4:

Sayyid ul-Malaa’ikah Jibreel (peace be upon him) has led the Prophet (peace be upon him) in five prayers.
[Saheeh Bukhaari (499), Saheeh Muslim (610-611)]

It is agreed upon that the prayer is not obligatory on Jibreel (peace be upon him) because he is not obliged to follow the Sharee’ah of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and the prayer of a non-obliged child is Nafl. Therefore, these prayers of Jibreel (peace be upon him) were also Nafl, and the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) has prayed Fajr, Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib, and Isha in his leadership. This also proves that the prayer of a Muftarid is valid behind a Mutanaffil.  This is a proof to which the Muqallideen have no answer.

Like many other issues, the Hanafi world is totally deprived of proofs in this issue as well. As compared to our above mentioned clear and authentic proofs, they do not even a single proof which proves the invalidity of the prayer of Muftarid behind a Mutanaffil. We will analyze their so-called proofs with details in the next part, in-shaa-Allaah.

Related Articles:

Salaat al-Muftarid Khalf al-Mutanaffil - Part One - (The Hadeeth of Mu'aadh)

Salaat al-Muftarid Khalf al-Mutanaffil - Part Three - (Analysis of the Proofs of Ahnaaf)

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